Tools and Resources
Project history
- - - - - - -
- - - - - - -
HOME arrow MANUAL arrow Methods arrow Programs
Intersectionality is a paradigmatic approach to social sciences and social work. Intersectionality holds the idea that forms of oppression within a society, such as those based on race/Ethnicity, Gender, Religion, sexuality, Class, disability and other markers of difference, interrelate and dispose for individual lives [link to glossary].

In the Peerthink Project, we define intersectional peer Violence prevention work as:
  • More than one social category is touched
  • The inter-connection of the social categories is visible
  • There is a contribution to decrease of power relations by deconstruction
  • Violence prevention is addressed

The single methods you will find are not intersectional in themselves. But you can use most of them in an intersectional way, referring to the four points above.
Therefore in the single method sheets you will find a context description next to the instruction and many hints about the methods becoming intersectional. Sometimes it needs a little change in your introduction to the participants; sometimes you will want to apply some additional features. The most important thing is the consideration of the concrete life and behavioural context of the young people. The self-learning modules are helpful for self- estimation. [link to self learning modules]

Even if there is not any intersectional method, we can stress some approaches, which provide educational and social work in an intersectional sense.
Orientation on personal experiences and surroundings
Orientation on subjectivity
Empowerment approach towards non-dominant groups
Enhancing the self-worth
Community work
(This list is not ranged on one logical level. Community work, for instance is displaced in this logical set. – Marion. Right. We should discus if we need a logical set at this point)

What does intersectional Peer violence prevention mean?

In this handbook we use a concept of violence prevention that not only includes individual physical and verbal attacks among young people. Also, social living conditions and structural hierarchies are seen as a base, on which young people are forced to behave violently. Gender relation, social class and racism are our main categories we focus on regarding Youth violence.
Violence is quite obviously connected to gender. Empirically, it has been shown that young men are more likely than young women, both to behave violently and to become victims of violence. The effort to interpret this gender bias needs an analysis of social expectations and power structures in a gender dichotomy structure. Certain forms of violent behaviour seem to be more adequate to male than to female person. 
Social class produces differences regarding individual violent behaviour, and it is an important factor that young people in bad social living conditions are highly affected by violence.
And the social category of ethnicity is important for us to work on the issue of racist motivated violence, everyday racism and on social processes of focussing conflicts under an ethnic angle.

For a violence prevention approach this always means a double perspective on violence:
To understand that masculinity and femininity are constructed in a gender dichotomy and in a certain relation to violence. That means e.g. that an individual physical violent behaviour seems to be more adequate to men than to women. To work on the fact that men are more violent in a certain way but not to make the simple division of (solely) perpetrators and (solely) victims
To perceive individual violent behaviour as a more common and real fact of everyday life under certain social conditions, but to also see all the resources of the people to behave in a non-violent manner under that condition.
To perceive certain (cultural) norms and values that generate violence (e.g. masculinity norms that legitimize violence) but never explain individual behaviour because of a certain culture or ethnicity.